Project ideas in progress in the green economy sector
Project ideas in progress in the green economy sector. Francesca Visintin. CETA. WORKSHOP: “The green economy: challenges and opportunities” Location: Centrale Idrodinamica, Porto Vecchio di Trieste
Eco-Industrial Park (EIP)
The concept of EIP is a sector industrial ecology, which draws analogies from natural ecosystems to industrial systems.
An EIP is a clearly defined area where materials, energy, information exchange occur between various companies and actors.
Implementing an EIP can bring environmental, social and economic benefits.
Environmental impacts of products
The EU strategy by 2050 foresees the «low consumption of natural resources economy» (i.e. green economy).
The increased competitiveness of the sustainable products will be based on the lower consumption of natural resources through two mechanisms: higher costs of the natural resources (e.g. blue water) pollution tax for the polluting products.
In this direction some parameters have been developed:
LCA (life cycle assessment): compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system through its life cycle
Methodology: UNI EN ISO 14040:2006 and 14044: 2006
PEF (product environmental footprint): quantification of the impacts for the most relevant impact categories and the additional environmental information considered necessary to ne reported
Methodology: pilot phase of the EC, based on the LCA methodology
CFP (carbon footprint of a product): quantification of the impacts of a product considering only the impact category related to the effect on the climate
Methodology: UNI ISO/TS 14067: 2013
WFP (water footprint of a product): quantification of the impacts of a product, considering only the impact category related to the consumption of blue water
Methodology: UNI ISO/TS 14046